We report on a 4-year-old child with psychomotor retardation, general hypotonia and only mild dysmorphic features. Her chromosome constitution was 46,XX, t (6;9) (q27;q22.1), dup (9) (q21.2q22.1). This de novo interstitial duplication was confirmed using fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) with band-specific probes. This is the second report of a patient with an interstitial duplication of this region of the long arm of chromosome 9. It is concluded that in a child with an abnormal phenotype and a de novo (apparently) balanced translocation, the possibility of a small duplication or deletion should be considered.