Between 1988 and 1994, 441 patients were successfully resuscitated outside hospital in the city of Rotterdam, of whom 276 (63%) were discharged from hospital alive. Long-term survival was studied amongst those who were discharged alive. The duration of follow-up averaged 6.71 years. A survival rate of 88% after 1 year, 81% after 3 years, 77% after 5 years and 73% after 7 years was found. After multivariate analysis, age, diagnosis and gender were found to be independent and significant predictors of survival. No significant difference in survival was found in patients who had been resuscitated by emergency personnel, physicians and bystanders. Patients who were still alive were sent a EuroQol-questionnaire. No differences in outcomes between the four groups were found. Since long-term prognosis after out-of-hospital resuscitation is satisfactory, learning programmes for resuscitation should be continued.