Osteogenic protein-1 increases gene expression of vascular endothelial growth factor in primary cultures of fetal rat calvaria cells

Mol Cell Endocrinol. 1999 Jul 20;153(1-2):113-24. doi: 10.1016/s0303-7207(99)00076-3.

Abstract

Osteogenic protein-1 (OP-1 or BMP-7) stimulates new bone formation in vivo and induces cell proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts in vitro. In the present study, we examined effects of OP-1 on the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in primary cultures of fetal rat calvaria (FRC) cells. OP-1 increased the steady-state level of VEGF mRNA by about 3-fold in an OP-1 concentration- and time-dependent manner. The increase in VEGF mRNA level depended on transcription and was sensitive to cell replication. The VEGF mRNA stability was unaffected. The mRNA levels for both types of VEGF receptors, Flk-1 and Flt-1 were low but detectable in FRC cells by RT-PCR and were not changed by OP-1. Inhibition of VEGF synthesis and function by antisense oligonucleotide and by suramin, respectively arrested the OP-1-induced alkaline phosphatase activity and mineralized bone nodule formation. Together with published studies of VEGF on vascular endothelial cells which are usually found in close proximity to osteoblastic cells in vivo, these results suggest that VEGF participates in the OP-1-induced osteogenesis by taking part in bone cell differentiation and by promoting angiogenesis at the site of bone formation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins / pharmacology*
  • Bone and Bones / embryology*
  • Bone and Bones / metabolism*
  • Calcification, Physiologic
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Endothelial Growth Factors / genetics*
  • Gene Expression / drug effects*
  • Kinetics
  • Lymphokines / genetics*
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense / pharmacology
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Suramin / pharmacology
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta*
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors

Substances

  • Bmp7 protein, rat
  • Bone Morphogenetic Protein 7
  • Bone Morphogenetic Proteins
  • Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Lymphokines
  • Oligonucleotides, Antisense
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
  • Suramin
  • Alkaline Phosphatase