In order to provide insight into the mechanical response of the collagen fascicle structures in tendon, a series of constant strain rate and constant displacement, stress relaxation mechanical tests were performed on sequentially sectioned human patellar tendon specimens (protocol 1) and specimens with both small (approximately 1 mm2) and large (approximately 20 mm2) cross-sectional areas (protocol 2). These data described the stress relaxation and constant strain rate tensile responses as a function of cross-sectional area and water content. The experimental data suggested that small portions of tendon exhibit a higher tensile modulus, a slower rate of relaxation and a lower amount of relaxation in comparison to larger specimens from the same location in the same tendon. The decrease in relaxation response and the increase in tensile modulus with decreasing cross-sectional area was nonlinear. These data suggest that there may be structures other than the subfascicle, such as the epitenon and other connective tissue components, which influence the tensile and stress relaxation responses in tendon.