Neurotransmitter characteristics of neurons projecting to the supramammillary nucleus of the rat

Anat Embryol (Berl). 1999 Oct;200(4):377-92. doi: 10.1007/s004290050287.

Abstract

Retrograde labelling was combined with immunohistochemistry to localize neurons containing choline acetyltransferase, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamate, serotonin, somatostatin, Leu-enkephalin, neurotensin, and substance P-immunoreactivity in neurons projecting to the supramammillary nucleus in the rat. Injections of wheat germ agglutinin conjugated to horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) into the supramammillary nucleus resulted in retrogradely labelled neurons in the medial septal nucleus, the nuclei of the diagonal band of Broca, the infralimbic cortex, the medial and lateral preoptic nucleus, the subiculum, the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus, the compact subnucleus of the central superior nucleus and the dorsal raphe nucleus. In the medial septal nucleus and in the nuclei of the diagonal band of Broca, 80-85% of WGA-HRP- labelled neurons (30-40 per section) were also immunoreactive for choline acetyltransferase and small numbers of WGA-HRP-labelled neurons were immunoreactive for GABA, glutamate, neurotensin or substance P. In the medial preoptic nucleus, 85-90% of retrogradely labelled neurons (25-30 per section) were immunoreactive for somatostatin and a few WGA-HRP-labelled neurons displayed neurotensin-immunoreactivity. In the rostroventral part of the subiculum, small numbers of retrogradely labelled neurons were also immunoreactive for neurotensin or for glutamate. In the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus, 90% of WGA-HRP-labelled neurons (20-25 per section) were immunoreactive for choline acetyltransferase and small numbers of retrogradely labelled neurons also displayed substance P immunoreactivity. In the compact subnucleus of the central superior nucleus, 50-60% of retrogradely labelled neurons (15-20 per section) were also immunolabelled for GABA and approximately 30-40% of WGA-HRP-labelled neurons (10-12 per section) were immunoreactive for Leu-enkephalin. The compact subnucleus of the central superior nucleus also contained small numbers of retrogradely labelled neurons that displayed neurotensin immunoreactivity. In the dorsal raphe nucleus, 80-85% of WGA-HRP- labelled neurons (30-40 per section) were also immunoreactive for serotonin and small numbers of retrogradely labelled neurons displayed neurotensin or glutamate immunoreactivity. These results suggest that the multiple neurochemicals contained in ascending and descending projections to the SuM participate in complex interactions in the transmission process of SuM neurons.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Choline O-Acetyltransferase / analysis
  • Excitatory Amino Acids / analysis
  • Female
  • Histocytochemistry
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Male
  • Mammillary Bodies
  • Neurons / chemistry*
  • Neuropeptides / analysis
  • Neurotransmitter Agents / analysis*
  • Prosencephalon / chemistry*
  • Prosencephalon / cytology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Serotonin / analysis
  • Substantia Innominata / chemistry*
  • Substantia Innominata / cytology
  • Ventral Tegmental Area / chemistry*
  • Ventral Tegmental Area / cytology
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / analysis

Substances

  • Excitatory Amino Acids
  • Neuropeptides
  • Neurotransmitter Agents
  • Serotonin
  • gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
  • Choline O-Acetyltransferase