Construction and Immunogenicity of DNA Vaccine Plasmids Encoding Four Plasmodium Vivax Candidate Vaccine Antigens

Vaccine. 1999 Aug 6;17(23-24):3136-44. doi: 10.1016/s0264-410x(99)00146-2.


Plasmodium vivax is the second most common agent of human malaria. Although infection is rarely fatal, it nonetheless imposes a significant burden of illness in endemic areas. A successful vaccine against P. vivax will likely need to induce immune responses against both pre-erythrocytic and erythrocytic stage forms of the parasite. Accordingly, we constructed eight nucleic acid vaccines based on four antigens, the circumsporozoite protein (PvCSP) and sporozoite surface protein 2 (PvSSP2) from the pre-erythrocytic stage, and apical membrane antigen 1 (PvAMA1) and merozoite surface protein 1 (PvMSP1) from the erythrocytic stage. The constructs induced high levels of specific antibody in mice regardless of whether the antigen was expressed in native form or fused to a human tissue plasminogen activator leader peptide. High titer antibodies induced against PvCSP did not react with the protective AGDR epitope within the sequence of this antigen. These results support the immunogenicity of these four vaccine candidate antigens when delivered as nucleic acid vaccines.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Protozoan / biosynthesis
  • Antibodies, Protozoan / blood
  • Antigens, Protozoan / genetics
  • Antigens, Protozoan / immunology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Malaria Vaccines / genetics
  • Malaria Vaccines / immunology*
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Membrane Proteins / immunology
  • Merozoite Surface Protein 1 / genetics
  • Merozoite Surface Protein 1 / immunology
  • Mice
  • Plasmids / biosynthesis
  • Plasmids / genetics
  • Plasmids / immunology*
  • Plasmodium vivax / classification
  • Plasmodium vivax / genetics
  • Plasmodium vivax / immunology*
  • Protozoan Proteins / genetics
  • Protozoan Proteins / immunology
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Vaccines, DNA / biosynthesis
  • Vaccines, DNA / genetics
  • Vaccines, DNA / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Protozoan
  • Antigens, Protozoan
  • Malaria Vaccines
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Merozoite Surface Protein 1
  • Protozoan Proteins
  • Vaccines, DNA
  • apical membrane antigen I, Plasmodium
  • circumsporozoite protein, Protozoan
  • sporozoite-surface protein 2, Plasmodium yoelli

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF063136
  • GENBANK/AF063137
  • GENBANK/AF063138