Rapid structural and epigenetic changes in polyploid and aneuploid genomes

Bioessays. 1999 Sep;21(9):761-7. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1521-1878(199909)21:9<761::AID-BIES7>3.0.CO;2-C.

Abstract

Recent work with plants has demonstrated that genome instability can be triggered by a change in chromosome number arising from either whole genome duplications (polyploidy) or loss/gain of individual chromosomes (aneuploidy). This genome instability is manifested as rapid structural and epigenetic alterations that can occur somatically or meiotically within a few generations after heteroploid formation. The intrinsic instability of newly formed polyploid and aneuploid genomes has relevance for genome evolution and human carcinogenesis, and points toward recombinational and epigenetic mechanisms that sense and respond to chromosome numerical changes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aneuploidy*
  • Animals
  • Genome*
  • Genome, Human*
  • Humans
  • Polyploidy*
  • Recombination, Genetic