Psychometric functions for gap detection in noise measured from young and aged subjects

J Acoust Soc Am. 1999 Aug;106(2):966-78. doi: 10.1121/1.427109.

Abstract

Psychometric functions for gap detection of temporal gaps in wideband noise were measured in a "yes/no" paradigm from normal-hearing young and aged subjects with closely matched audiograms. The effects of noise-burst duration, gap location, and uncertainty of gap location were tested. A typical psychometric function obtained in this study featured a steep slope, which was independent of most experimental conditions as well as age. However, gap thresholds were generally improved with increasing duration of the noise burst for both young and aged subjects. Gap location and uncertainty had no significant effects on the thresholds for the young subjects. For the aged subjects, whenever the gap was sufficiently away from the onset or offset of the noise burst, detectability was robust despite uncertainty about the gap location. Significant differences between young and aged subjects could be observed only when the gap was very close to the signal onset and offset.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aging / physiology
  • Auditory Perception / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Noise*
  • Psychometrics
  • Time Factors
  • Time Perception / physiology*