Epilepsy and polymicrogyria in Kabuki make-up (Niikawa-Kuroki) syndrome

Pediatr Neurol. 1999 Aug;21(2):566-8. doi: 10.1016/s0887-8994(99)00030-2.


Kabuki make-up syndrome is a rare dysmorphogenic disorder characterized by peculiar facial appearance (resembling the make-up of actors in Kabuki, the traditional Japanese theatre), skeletal anomalies, dermatoglyphic abnormalities, postnatal growth deficiency, and mental retardation. Central nervous system dysfunctions, other than mental retardation, are rarely reported; they include microcephaly, brachycephaly, early hypotonia, feeding disorders, subatrophy of the optic nerves, subarachnoid cyst, cerebellar and brainstem atrophy, and epilepsy. These manifestations appear to be more common in non-Japanese patients. Reported is an Italian child with phenotypical appearance of Kabuki make-up syndrome and partial epilepsy who demonstrated polymicrogyria on neuroimaging. This article is the first report of a gyration disorder in Kabuki make-up syndrome. The relationship between epilepsy and polymicrogyria in this patient is discussed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple*
  • Adolescent
  • Brain / abnormalities*
  • Epilepsy*
  • Face / abnormalities*
  • Female
  • Growth Disorders
  • Hand Deformities, Congenital
  • Humans
  • Intellectual Disability
  • Japan
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Puberty, Precocious
  • Syndrome