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Comparative Study
, 108 (3), 532-7

Prospective Evaluation of Anxiety Sensitivity in the Pathogenesis of Panic: Replication and Extension

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Comparative Study

Prospective Evaluation of Anxiety Sensitivity in the Pathogenesis of Panic: Replication and Extension

N B Schmidt et al. J Abnorm Psychol.

Abstract

Increasing evidence suggests that anxiety sensitivity (AS) may be a premorbid risk factor for the development of anxiety pathology. The principal aim of this study was to replicate and extend a previous longitudinal study evaluating whether AS acts as a vulnerability factor in the pathogenesis of panic (N. Schmidt, D. Lerew, & R. Jackson, 1997). A large nonclinical sample of young adults (N = 1,296) was prospectively followed over a 5-week, highly stressful period of time (i.e., military basic training). Consistent with the authors' initial study, AS predicted the development of spontaneous panic attacks after controlling for a history of panic attacks and trait anxiety, and AS was found to possess symptom specificity with respect to anxiety versus depression symptoms. AS 1st-order factors differentially predicted panic attacks, with the Mental Concerns factor being the best predictor of panic in this sample.

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