Background/purpose: The prognosis of long-segment funnel-shaped congenital tracheal stenosis improved with surgical management by enlargement-tracheoplasty with a pericardial patch. However, the final outcome is not always satisfying mainly because of the complications related to the pericardial graft and because of misdiagnosed associated cardiovascular malformations. The objective of the report is to show a further improvement of the prognosis by a thorough preoperative planning and the use of a slide-tracheoplasty for the cure of the stenosis, to avoid the major drawbacks of enlargement tracheoplasties.
Methods: Two children, 7 months and 3 years old, underwent a bronchoesophagoscopy, spiral computed tomography, an echocardiogram, and a heart catheterization. The tracheal stenosis and the associated severe cardiovascular malformations were cured during a single operative session under cardiopulmonary bypass; the tracheal stenosis was corrected by a slide-tracheoplasty.
Results: The postoperative period was remarkably uneventful and the recovery extremely quick (hospital stay of 18 and 17 days). The midterm results are excellent, and the tracheal growth is not impaired (follow-up of 3 1/2 and 3 years).
Conclusions: According to the authors' experience and to the literature, the slide-tracheoplasty seems to be the most efficient surgical procedure for correction of long-segment funnel-shaped congenital tracheal stenosis. But the success of the treatment depends also on a complete preoperative diagnosis allowing a 1-stage surgical treatment of all associated thoracic malformations.