Background: There is interest in measuring and comparing outcomes of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) other than death, but there are no accepted methods for adjusting these outcomes for preprocedure differences in populations. We sought to identify independent predictors of functional outcome after PTCA.
Methods and results: We developed multivariate risk adjustment models for the 6-month postprocedure physical and mental health summary scores of the MOS SF-36. Complete data were available on 1182 patients undergoing PTCA at 12 institutions. The mean physical component score (PCS) of the SF-36 rose from 36.6 before PTCA to 43. 4 at 6 months after PTCA (P <.0001). Independent predictors of follow-up PCS were baseline PCS, a composite index of comorbidities, prior coronary bypass surgery, baseline MOS SF-36 mental component score (MCS), age, and recent thrombolysis. The model had an adjusted R(2) value of 0.357. The mean MCS rose from 48.5 before PTCA to 50.5 at 6 months after PTCA (P <.0001). Independent predictors of postprocedure mental health were baseline MCS, age, and heart failure. The predictive model for MCS had an adjusted R(2) value of 0.235.
Conclusions: Preprocedure patient-reported functional status and select clinical variables are significantly associated with physical functioning and mental health 6 months after PTCA. The predictive power of these models, however, is probably insufficient to allow their use for comparisons among institutions or providers.