A newly identified patient with clinical xeroderma pigmentosum phenotype has a non-sense mutation in the DDB2 gene and incomplete repair in (6-4) photoproducts

J Invest Dermatol. 1999 Aug;113(2):251-7. doi: 10.1046/j.1523-1747.1999.00652.x.


We report here a patient (Ops1) with clinical photosensitivity, including pigmented or depigmented macules and patches, and multiple skin neoplasias (malignant melanomas, basal cell carcinomas, and squamous cell carcinomas in situ) in sun-exposed areas. These clinical features are reminiscent of xeroderma pigmentosum. As cells from Ops1 showed normal levels in DNA repair synthesis in vivo (unscheduled DNA synthesis and recovery of RNA synthesis after ultraviolet irradiation), we performed a postreplication repair assay and recovery of replicative DNA synthesis after ultraviolet irradiation to investigate if Ops1 cells belonged to a xeroderma pigmentosum variant pattern. Ops1 cells were normal, but there was an incomplete pattern repair in (6-4) photoproducts in contrast to a normal pattern repair in cis-syn cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers by repair kinetics using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Moreover, Ops1 cells were defective in a damage-specific DNA binding protein and carried a non-sense mutation in the DDB2 gene. These results suggest that (i) the DDB2 gene is somewhat related to skin carcinogenesis, photoaging skin, and the removal of (6-4) photoproducts; (ii) although it is believed that cyclobutane pyrimidine dimers are the principal mutagenic lesion and (6-4) photoproducts are less likely to contribute to ultraviolet-induced mutations in mammals, Ops1 is one of the ultraviolet-induced mutagenic models induced by (6-4) photoproducts.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Caffeine / pharmacology
  • Codon, Nonsense
  • DNA Repair / genetics
  • DNA Replication
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Female
  • Frameshift Mutation
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Middle Aged
  • Phenotype
  • Photosensitivity Disorders / drug therapy
  • Pyrimidine Dimers / genetics
  • Pyrimidine Dimers / metabolism
  • Ultraviolet Rays
  • Xeroderma Pigmentosum / genetics*


  • Codon, Nonsense
  • DDB2 protein, human
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Pyrimidine Dimers
  • Caffeine