It has previously been observed that (a) following 15 min of intense exercise, esophageal temperature (Tes) remains elevated at a plateau value equal to that at which active vasodilation had occurred during exercise (i.e., esophageal temperature threshold for cutaneous vasodilation [ThVD]); and (b) exercise/recovery cycles of identical intensity and duration, when sequential, result in progressively higher Tes at the beginning and end of exercise. In the latter case, parallel increases in both the exercise ThVD and postexercise plateau of Tes were noted. This study was conducted to determine if the elevated postexercise Tes is related to increases in whole-body heat content. On separate occasions, 9 subjects completed 3 bouts of treadmill exercise at 70% VO2 max, 29 degrees C ambient temperature. Each exercise bout lasted either 15, 30, or 45 min and was followed by 60 min of inactive recovery. Esophageal temperatures were similar at the start of each exercise bout, but the rise in Tes during exercise nearly doubled from 1.0 degree C after 15 min of exercise to 1.9 degrees C after 45 min of exercise. There were no intercondition differences among the exercise ThVD (approximately 0.36 degree C above baseline) or postexercise plateau values for Tes (approximately 0.40 degree C above baseline). Thus the relationship between the ThVD during exercise and the postexercise Tes did not appear to be dependent on changes in whole-body heat content as produced by endogenous heating during exercise of different duration.