This study evaluated the steady-state pharmacokinetics and dose proportionality of troglitazone, metabolite 1 (sulfate conjugate), and metabolite 3 (quinone metabolite) following administration of daily oral doses of 200, 400, and 600 mg troglitazone for 7 days (per dosing period) to 21 subjects. During each dosing period, plasma samples were collected predose on days 1, 5, 6 and 7 and serially for 24 hours on day 7. Steady-state plasma concentrations for troglitazone, metabolite 1, and metabolite 3 were achieved by day 7. Troglitazone was rapidly absorbed with mean tmax values of 2.7 to 2.9 hours. Mean Cmax and AUC(0-24) values for troglitazone, metabolite 1, and metabolite 3 increased proportionally with increasing troglitazone doses over the clinical dose range of 200 mg to 600 mg administered once daily. Mean troglitazone CL/F, percent fluctuation, and AUC ratios of metabolite 1 and metabolite 3 to troglitazone were similar across dose groups. These data suggest that the pharmacokinetics and disposition of troglitazone and its metabolites are independent of dose over the dose range studied. Thus, troglitazone, metabolite 1, and metabolite 3 displayed linear pharmacokinetics at steady-state.