Preliminary assessment of extrastriatal dopamine D-2 receptor binding in the rodent and nonhuman primate brains using the high affinity radioligand, 18F-fallypride

Nucl Med Biol. 1999 Jul;26(5):519-27. doi: 10.1016/s0969-8051(99)00012-8.


We have identified the value of 18F-fallypride [(S)-N-[(1-allyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl]-5-(3-[18F]fluoropropyl)-2, 3-dimethoxybenzamide], as a dopamine D-2 receptor radiotracer for the study of striatal and extrastriatal receptors. Fallypride exhibits high affinities for D-2 and D-3 subtypes and low affinity for D-4 (3H-spiperone IC50s: D-2 = 0.05 nM [rat striata], D-3 = 0.30 nM [SF9 cell lines, rat recombinant], and D-4 = 240 nM [CHO cell lines, human recombinant]). Biodistribution in the rat brain showed localization of 18F-fallypride in striata and extrastriatal regions such as the frontal cortex, parietal cortex, amygdala, hippocampus, thalamus, and hypothalamus. In vitro autoradiographic studies in sagittal slices of the rat brain showed localization of 18F-fallypride in striatal and several extrastriatal regions, including the medulla. Positron emission tomography (PET) experiments with 18F-fallypride in male rhesus monkeys were carried out in a PET VI scanner. In several PET experiments, apart from the specific binding seen in the striatum, specific binding of 18F-fallypride was also identified in extracellular regions (in a lower brain slice, possibly the thalamus). Specific binding in the extrastriata was, however, significantly lower compared with that observed in the striata of the monkeys (extrastriata/cerebellum = 2, striata/cerebellum = 10). Postmortem analysis of the monkey brain revealed significant 18F-fallypride binding in the striata, whereas binding was also observed in extrastriatal regions such as the thalamus, cortical areas, and brain stem.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Autoradiography
  • Benzamides / pharmacokinetics*
  • Brain / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Cell Line
  • Corpus Striatum / diagnostic imaging
  • Corpus Striatum / metabolism
  • Fluorine Radioisotopes / pharmacokinetics*
  • Humans
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Male
  • Pyrrolidines / pharmacokinetics*
  • Radioligand Assay
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2 / analysis
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2 / genetics
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2 / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Dopamine D3
  • Recombinant Proteins / analysis
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Tissue Distribution
  • Tomography, Emission-Computed
  • Transfection


  • Benzamides
  • DRD3 protein, human
  • Drd3 protein, rat
  • Fluorine Radioisotopes
  • N-((1-allyl-2-pyrrolidinyl)methyl)-5-(3-fluoropropyl)-2,3-dimethoxybenzamide
  • Pyrrolidines
  • Receptors, Dopamine D2
  • Receptors, Dopamine D3
  • Recombinant Proteins