The actual survival of patients treated following trauma in four Scottish Teaching hospitals during five years was compared with predicted survival according to TRISS analysis. The data were analysed according to the seniority of the Accident and Emergency (A&E) doctor treating each patient. The group of patients treated by a consultant had a significantly better outcome (p < 0.05) than the group of patients treated by junior doctors. Analysis of outcome according to the grade of junior A&E doctor suggested a step-wise improvement in outcome with seniority, thus supporting the concept that an improved outcome is associated with experience and seniority. These results support calls for A&E consultants to be increasingly involved in the management of patients with major trauma. Such increased involvement would require an increase in the number of A&E consultants.