Optimal use of modern antibiotics: emerging trends

Clin Infect Dis. 1999 Aug;29(2):264-74. doi: 10.1086/520196.


Development of new antimicrobial drugs is an essential component in the effort to remain ahead of emerging microbial resistance. However, when new antibiotics are used with unrestrained enthusiasm, a predictable consequence is the further expansion of resistance. This problem is well known to the infectious diseases specialist and is increasingly appreciated by the nonspecialist and the public. A far more sensible strategy is to identify new ways to use these drugs to increase the duration of their usefulness. New methods to optimize antibiotic selection, dose, and duration of therapy are being investigated, and application of some of these strategies has been shown to have a favorable impact on resistance. Much of the classic thinking of how to use antibiotics is changing, and these newer strategies may result in prolongation of the era of the "antibiotic miracle."

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Humans


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents