Extraction of active clonidine-displacing substance from bovine lung and comparison with clonidine-displacing substance extracted from other tissues

Eur J Pharmacol. 1999 Aug 6;378(2):213-21. doi: 10.1016/s0014-2999(99)00449-5.


Crude methanolic clonidine-displacing substance (CDS) extracted from bovine lung competed for radioligand binding from alpha2-adrenoceptors and I2-sites present in rat brain membranes, and from I1-sites present in rat brain and kidney membranes. There was no difference in the competition of [3H]clonidine binding to alpha2-adrenoceptors present in either rat or rabbit brain membranes by the crude CDS extract and therefore either tissue could be used to estimate the number of units of CDS present in extracts. Further purification by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC), with UV detection, of extracts obtained from bovine lung, brain and rat brain exhibited similar three-peak profiles, previously reported. Corresponding fractions competed for radioligand binding to alpha2-adrenoceptors present in rat brain membranes, eluting between 19 and 23 min, which corresponded with the middle peak of the three-peaks. Therefore, we propose the CDS-like material eluting from all these tissues to be similar. Interestingly, CDS extracted from bovine adrenal glands under the same conditions showed a similar three-peak profile, but did not repeat the displacement of binding just at 19-23 min, but at every time point after 4 min. This suggests this tissue could represent a source of CDS in this species.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Glands / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Brain Chemistry*
  • Cattle
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Clonidine / pharmacology*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Lung / chemistry*
  • Protein Binding
  • Rabbits
  • Radioligand Assay
  • Rats
  • Receptors, Adrenergic / classification
  • Receptors, Adrenergic / metabolism*
  • Time Factors
  • Ultraviolet Rays


  • Receptors, Adrenergic
  • Clonidine