Signals from the AT2 (angiotensin type 2) receptor of angiotensin II inhibit p21ras and activate MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) to induce morphological neuronal differentiation in NG108-15 cells

Mol Endocrinol. 1999 Sep;13(9):1615-26. doi: 10.1210/mend.13.9.0344.


In a previous study, we had shown that activation of the AT2 (angiotensin type 2) receptor of angiotensin II (Ang II) induced morphological differentiation of the neuronal cell line NG108-15. In the present study, we investigated the nature of the possible intracellular mediators involved in the AT2 effect. We found that stimulation of AT2 receptors in NG108-15 cells resulted in time-dependent modulation of tyrosine phosphorylation of a number of cytoplasmic proteins. Stimulation of NG108-15 cells with Ang II induced a decrease in GTP-bound p21ras but a sustained increase in the activity of p42mapk and p44mapk as well as neurite outgrowth. Similarly, neurite elongation, increased polymerized tubulin levels, and increased mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity were also observed in a stably transfected NG108-15 cell line expressing the dominant-negative mutant of p21ras, RasN17. These results support the observation that inhibition of p21ras did not impair the effect of Ang II on its ability to stimulate MAPK activity. While 10 microM of the MEK inhibitor, PD98059, only moderately affected elongation, 50 microM PD98059 completely blocked the Ang II- and the RasN17-mediated induction of neurite outgrowth. These results demonstrate that some of the events associated with the AT2 receptor-induced neuronal morphological differentiation of NG108-15 cells not only include inhibition of p21ras but an increase in MAPK activity as well, which is essential for neurite outgrowth.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Angiotensin II / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects
  • Enzyme Activation / drug effects
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Flavonoids / pharmacology
  • Gene Expression
  • Mutation
  • Neurites / drug effects
  • Neurites / physiology
  • Neurons / cytology
  • Neurons / drug effects*
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation / drug effects
  • Phosphotyrosine / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) / metabolism
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 2
  • Receptors, Angiotensin / drug effects*
  • Receptors, Angiotensin / physiology
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transfection
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Flavonoids
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 2
  • Receptors, Angiotensin
  • Angiotensin II
  • Phosphotyrosine
  • Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)
  • 2-(2-amino-3-methoxyphenyl)-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one