Analysis of Rate of Change of IS6110 RFLP Patterns of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Based on Serial Patient Isolates

J Infect Dis. 1999 Oct;180(4):1238-44. doi: 10.1086/314979.

Abstract

The rate of change of IS6110 restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) patterns of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was determined in serial isolates from 544 patients. In 25 patients (4.6%), the RFLP patterns of the follow-up isolates differed from the initial isolates. Patients with different follow-up strains were less likely to cluster with patients whose strains had indistinguishable RFLP patterns. Changes in RFLP patterns were more common for persons with extrapulmonary disease and for those who had both pulmonary and extrapulmonary isolates. Based on serial isolates spanning for the most part <3 months, the half-life was extrapolated to be 3.2 years (95% confidence interval, 2.1-5.0). The main implication of this study is that the rate of change of IS6110-based RFLP of M. tuberculosis supports the use of IS6110 typing in epidemiologic studies of recent transmission of tuberculosis.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • DNA Transposable Elements*
  • Female
  • Genetic Variation
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis / genetics*
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis / isolation & purification
  • National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
  • Netherlands
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length*
  • Tuberculosis / microbiology*
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / microbiology*
  • United States

Substances

  • DNA Transposable Elements