Oral etoposide has activity in a wide variety of tumors and is well tolerated. Therefore, the efficacy of oral etoposide was assessed as a treatment of metastatic endometrial cancer. To be eligible for this group-wide Southwest Oncology Group trial, patients had to have histologically proven metastatic or recurrent endometrial carcinoma; no previous cytotoxic therapy; and adequate renal, hepatic, and hematologic function, and they had to have given informed consent. Therapy consisted of oral etoposide, 50 mg daily on days 1-21 on a 28-day schedule. Therapy was continued in the absence of toxicity or disease progression. Forty-four eligible women, with a median age of 68 years (range 38-84 years) were treated. Radiotherapy had been delivered to 33 and hormomal therapy to 21. The median duration of therapy was 69 days (range 7-510 days). The treatment was well tolerated. Only one patient had grade 4 neutropenia, and a second had grade 4 anemia. Three patients had grade 3 nausea. One complete and five partial responses (14%) were observed. An additional four patients had unconfirmed responses. Tumor regressions were noted in nodes, bone, and visceral organs. While oral etoposide has only a modest level of activity when used in chemonaive patients, the minimal toxicity of this drug makes it a candidate for use in combination chemotherapy.
Copyright 1999 Academic Press.