Antiviral drug susceptibility assays: going with the flow

Antiviral Res. 1999 Aug;43(1):1-21. doi: 10.1016/s0166-3542(99)00039-x.


This review describes the procedures for the use of fluorochrome labeled monoclonal antibodies and flow cytometry for the detection and quantification of virus infected cells. The application of this technology for (1) identifying virus infected cells in clinical specimens obtained from human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals; (2) screening antiviral compounds active against HCMV, HDSV and HIV; and (3) performing drug susceptibility testing for HCMV, HSV and HIV clinical isolates are reviewed. The flow cytometry drug susceptibility assay is rapid, quantitative, and easily performed. It should be considered by anyone interested in performing drug susceptibility testing for any virus for which there are reliable monoclonal antibodies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Antiviral Agents / pharmacology*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytomegalovirus / drug effects*
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical
  • Flow Cytometry / methods
  • HIV-1 / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests / methods*
  • Simplexvirus / drug effects*


  • Antiviral Agents