Characterization and expression of plasma and tonoplast membrane aquaporins in primed seed of Brassica napus during germination under stress conditions

Plant Mol Biol. 1999 Jul;40(4):635-44. doi: 10.1023/a:1006212216876.


Two aquaporin genes were isolated from a cDNA library of canola (Brassica napus L.). The first aquaporin, BnPIP1 of 1094 bp, encoding a putative polypeptide of 287 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 30.4 kDa and a pI of 7.8, belongs to the family of plasma membrane intrinsic protein (PIPs) aquaporins. The B. napus aquaporin showed 85-94% identity to the Arabidopsis thaliana PIPs. ABA priming of seed induced high levels of BnPIP1 transcript which remained after subsequent re-drying of the seed. The second aquaporin, Bny-TIP2 of 1020 bp, encoded a putative polypeptide of 253 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 25.8 kDa and a pI of 5.8. Bngamma-TIP2 showed 83-90% identity to gamma-TIP genes from a variety of plant species. Bngamma-TIP2 was expressed only when radicle protrusion occurred in either untreated or primed seeds. Seeds primed with PEG or ABA germinated earlier and showed a higher final percentage of germination than unprimed seed, particularly under salt and osmotic stresses at low temperature. Transcripts of both BnPIP1 and Bngamma-TIP2 genes were present earlier during germination of primed seeds than non-primed seed. From these results, we conclude that BnPIP1 is related to the water transportation required for enzymatic metabolism of storage nutrients at the early stages of canola seed germination whereas Bngamma-TIP2 expression is related to cell growth associated with radicle protrusion. Priming induced the expression of BnPIP1 but had no effect on Bngamma-TIP2.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Aquaporins / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • Brassica / chemistry
  • Brassica / genetics*
  • Brassica / growth & development
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism*
  • Cold Temperature
  • DNA, Complementary / chemistry
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Genes, Plant / genetics
  • Germination / drug effects
  • Germination / genetics*
  • Intracellular Membranes / metabolism*
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Plant Proteins*
  • Protein Isoforms / genetics
  • Seeds / drug effects
  • Seeds / genetics
  • Seeds / growth & development
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Sodium Chloride / pharmacology


  • Aquaporins
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Membrane Proteins
  • PIP1 protein, Brassica napus
  • Plant Proteins
  • Protein Isoforms
  • gamma-TIP2, Brassica napus
  • Sodium Chloride

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AF118381
  • GENBANK/AF118382