Interaction between composite elements in the napA promoter: both the B-box ABA-responsive complex and the RY/G complex are necessary for seed-specific expression

Plant Mol Biol. 1999 Jul;40(4):699-709. doi: 10.1023/a:1006206124512.


During seed maturation, the transcriptional activity of napin genes is regulated by developmental signals involving the transcriptional activator ABI3 and abscisic acid (ABA). To localize cis elements involved in the seed-specific activity of the napin napA promoter, a systematic analysis was performed focusing on two major element complexes, the B-box and RY/G. Substitution mutation analysis using promoter-reporter gene fusions in stable transgenic tobacco showed synergistic interactions between elements within these complexes. The distal part of the B-box shows similarities to abscisic acid response elements and the proximal portion contains a CA-rich element. In vitro studies involving Exonuclease III protection and electrophoretic mobility shift assays revealed binding by nuclear proteins to elements within the B-box. The distal and proximal parts of the B-box were found to bind distinct nuclear protein complexes. By gain-of-function analysis with a tetramer of the B-box fused to a truncated (-46) cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S minimal promoter, it was demonstrated that the B-box mediates strong activity in seeds. Further, it was shown that the elements in the B-box constitute an ABA-responsive complex, since the B-box tetramer mediates ABA-responsiveness in vegetative tissues to a construct containing the CaMV virus 35S enhancer (-343 to -90). Thus, the seed-specific activity of the napA promoter relies on the combinatorial interaction between the RY/G complex and the B-box ABA-responsive complex during the ABA response in seed development.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 2S Albumins, Plant
  • Abscisic Acid / pharmacology
  • Base Sequence
  • Brassica / drug effects
  • Brassica / genetics
  • Brassica / growth & development
  • Conserved Sequence / genetics
  • Conserved Sequence / physiology
  • Enhancer Elements, Genetic / genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental / drug effects
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant / drug effects
  • Glucuronidase / genetics
  • Glucuronidase / metabolism
  • Nuclear Proteins / metabolism
  • Plant Proteins / genetics*
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism
  • Plants / drug effects
  • Plants / genetics
  • Plants, Genetically Modified
  • Plants, Toxic
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic*
  • Protein Binding
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid / genetics*
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid / genetics
  • Seeds / drug effects
  • Seeds / genetics
  • Sequence Deletion
  • Tobacco / genetics


  • 2S Albumins, Plant
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Plant Proteins
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Abscisic Acid
  • napin protein, Brassica napus
  • Glucuronidase