Genetic linkage of Welander distal myopathy to chromosome 2p13

Ann Neurol. 1999 Sep;46(3):399-404. doi: 10.1002/1531-8249(199909)46:3<399::aid-ana16>;2-q.


Welander distal myopathy (WDM) is an autosomal dominant myopathy with late-adult onset characterized by slow progression of distal muscle weakness. The disorder is considered a model disease for hereditary distal myopathies and is almost only seen in Sweden and some parts of Finland. A genomewide screening has been performed in initially two Swedish families with 400 highly polymorphic microsatellite markers. We report here that the disease is linked to chromosome 2p13. Seven additional nonrelated families have subsequently been mapped to the same area where a maximum two-point LOD score of 17.97 was obtained with the marker D2S2113 at 0.0 recombination fraction. The region has been restricted by recombinations and the finding of a common shared haplotype through all analyzed families. This restricts the gene locus region to 2.4 cM. These findings provide evidence for the involvement of a single locus for WDM. The WDM region overlaps with the linkage region for Miyoshi myopathy and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy 2B. The dysferlin gene responsible for these disorders is considered a primary candidate gene for WDM.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2 / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Linkage / genetics*
  • Genotype
  • Haplotypes
  • Humans
  • Lod Score
  • Male
  • Muscular Diseases / genetics*
  • Pedigree