The E4 allele of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) is a major risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) but is neither necessary nor sufficient to cause the disease. In this study, we investigated polymorphisms in the presenilin-1 (PS-1), and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) genes, which have been implicated as risk factors for LOAD. Our data-set comprised 177 AD and 118 control patients, all of whom had been histopathologically confirmed following autopsy. We have tested homozygosity for the PS-1 allele 1 and possession of the BChE-K variant in association with APOE epsilon4 as risk factors in LOAD. Our findings support an association between the PS-1 polymorphism and LOAD, finding homozygosity for allele 1 associated with an approximately two-fold increased risk. Our data also show that in subjects greater than 75 years of age possession of both BChE-K and APOE-epsilon4 alleles is associated with an increased risk of LOAD, whilst the risk associated with APOE-epsilon4 allele alone is not significant.