The Child Development Inventory: A developmental outcome measure for follow-up of the high-risk infant

J Pediatr. 1999 Sep;135(3):358-62. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3476(99)70134-4.


Objective: To examine the validity of the Child Development Inventory (CDI) compared with other commonly used measures of developmental outcomes in high-risk infants.

Study design: Primary caregivers of 63 toddlers and preschoolers enrolled at a routine neonatal high-risk follow-up clinic completed a CDI describing their children. Only those with successfully completed CDIs were included in the analysis (n = 43). The CDI General Development Developmental Quotient was compared with the Clinical Adaptive Test/Clinical Linguistic and Auditory Milestone Scale (CAT/CLAMS) and the Bayley Scales of Infant Development, 2nd Edition (BSID-II).

Results: Significant correlations were found between the CDI, the CAT/CLAMS (r =.87, P <.001), and the BSID-II (r =.86, P <.001). There were no significant correlations between the CDI and parent education and income. Findings revealed high sensitivity (80% to 100%) and specificity (94% to 96%) for the CDI.

Conclusion: The CDI appears to be a useful and cost-effective screening measure for determining developmental outcomes among high-risk infants.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aftercare / methods*
  • Child Development*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Developmental Disabilities / diagnosis*
  • Developmental Disabilities / etiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Very Low Birth Weight*
  • Male
  • Mass Screening / methods*
  • Middle Aged
  • Parents / education
  • Parents / psychology*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / economics
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / standards*