Surgery and ergonomics

Arch Surg. 1999 Sep;134(9):1011-6. doi: 10.1001/archsurg.134.9.1011.


This article will provide the reader with an overview of ergonomic issues relevant to the operating room environment. Minimally invasive surgical technologies have increased the therapeutic value of surgical procedures by allowing operations to be performed with less trauma to the patient. At the same time, the surgical team-and particularly the surgeon-have been further removed from direct interaction with the patient's tissues. A scientific and ergonomic approach to the analysis of the operating room environment and the performance and workload characteristics of members of the modern surgical team can provide a rational basis for maximizing the efficiency and safety of our increasingly technology-dependent surgical procedures.

MeSH terms

  • Ergonomics*
  • General Surgery / methods*
  • Humans
  • Operating Rooms
  • Posture