Array biosensor for simultaneous identification of bacterial, viral, and protein analytes

Anal Chem. 1999 Sep 1;71(17):3846-52. doi: 10.1021/ac981425v.


The array biosensor was fabricated to analyze multiple samples simultaneously for multiple analytes. The sensor utilized a standard sandwich immunoassay format: Antigen-specific "capture" antibodies were immobilized in a patterned array on the surface of a planar waveguide and bound analyte was subsequently detected using fluorescent tracer antibodies. This study describes the analysis of 126 blind samples for the presence of three distinct classes of analytes. To address potential complications arising from using a mixture of tracer antibodies in the multianalyte assay, three single-analyte assays were run in parallel with a multianalyte assay. Mixtures of analytes were also assayed to demonstrate the sensor's ability to detect more than a single species at a time. The array sensor was capable of detecting viral, bacterial, and protein analytes using a facile 14-min assay with sensitivity levels approaching those of standard ELISA methods. Limits of detection for Bacillus globigii, MS2 bacteriophage, and staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) were 10(5) cfu/mL, 10(7) pfu/mL, and 10 ng/mL, respectively. The array biosensor also analyzed multiple samples simultaneously and detected mixtures of the different types of analytes in the multianalyte format.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies / analysis*
  • Antigens, Bacterial / analysis*
  • Antigens, Viral / analysis*
  • Biosensing Techniques*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Sensitivity and Specificity


  • Antibodies
  • Antigens, Bacterial
  • Antigens, Viral