Flamingo, a seven-pass transmembrane cadherin, regulates planar cell polarity under the control of Frizzled

Cell. 1999 Sep 3;98(5):585-95. doi: 10.1016/s0092-8674(00)80046-x.

Abstract

We identified a seven-pass transmembrane receptor of the cadherin superfamily, designated Flamingo (Fmi), localized at cell-cell boundaries in the Drosophila wing. In the absence of Fmi, planar polarity was distorted. Before morphological polarization of wing cells along the proximal-distal (P-D) axis, Fmi was redistributed predominantly to proximal and distal cell edges. This biased localization of Fmi appears to be driven by an imbalance of the activity of Frizzled (Fz) across the proximal/distal cell boundary. These results, together with phenotypes caused by ectopic expression of fz and fmi, suggest that cells acquire the P-D polarity by way of the Fz-dependent boundary localization of Fmi.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cadherins / physiology*
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Polarity*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Cytoskeleton / metabolism
  • Drosophila
  • Drosophila Proteins*
  • Frizzled Receptors
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Membrane Proteins / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Models, Biological
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Time Factors
  • Transfection
  • Wings, Animal / metabolism

Substances

  • Cadherins
  • Celsr2 protein, mouse
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Frizzled Receptors
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • fz protein, Drosophila
  • stan protein, Drosophila

Associated data

  • GENBANK/AB028498
  • GENBANK/AB028499