Aims/hypothesis: Augmented oxidative stress induced by hyperglycaemia possibly contributes to the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. Oxidative stress is known to increase the conversion of deoxyguanosine to 8-oxo, 2'-deoxyguanosine in DNA. To investigate the possible contribution of oxidative DNA damage to the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, we measured the content of 8-oxo, 2'-deoxyguanosine in the urine and the blood mononuclear cells of Type II (non-insulin-dependent) diabetic patients.
Methods: We studied 53 Type II diabetic patients and 39 age-matched healthy control subjects. We assayed 8-oxo, 2'-deoxyguanosine by HPLC-electrochemical detection method.
Results: The content of 8-oxo, 2'-deoxyguanosine in the urine and the mononuclear cells of the Type II diabetic patients was much higher than that of the control subjects. Urinary 8-oxo, 2'-deoxyguanosine excretion and the 8-oxo, 2'-deoxyguanosine content in the mononuclear cells from the diabetic patients with complications were higher than those from the diabetic patients without complications. Urinary excretion of 8-oxo, 2'-deoxyguanosine was significantly correlated with the 8-oxo, 2'-deoxyguanosine content in the mononuclear cells. The 8-oxo, 2'-deoxyguanosine content in the urine and mononuclear cells was correlated with the haemoglobin A1c value.
Conclusions/interpretation: This is the first report of a direct association between oxidative DNA damage and the complications of diabetes. The augmented oxidative DNA damage in diabetes is speculated to contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic complications.