Chromosomal abnormality in hepatocellular carcinoma by comparative genomic hybridisation in Taiwan

Eur J Cancer. 1999 Apr;35(4):652-8. doi: 10.1016/s0959-8049(98)00430-4.


The elucidation of the genetic changes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is very important for understanding the molecular mechanism of liver carcinogenesis. In order to identify the gains or losses in DNA sequence copy number in HCC, we used comparative genomic hybridisation to study 40 cases (44 tumours) of HCC. Tumour DNA and DNA from non-neoplastic liver tissue were labelled with different fluorochromes and then simultaneously hybridised to normal metaphase spread chromosomes. An image acquisition system was used to quantitate signal intensities contributed by tumour and reference DNA along the entire length of each chromosome. Regions of amplification and deletion were demonstrated as quantitative alterations. Losses were prevalent on chromosome regions 16q (43%), 17p (20%), 13q (20%), 4q (15%) and 8p (15%). Gains frequently occurred on 8q (30%), 1q (20%), 6p (20%) and 17q (18%). Hepatitis B virus carriers had a significantly higher frequency of losses on chromosome 16q. Furthermore, the minimal region of losses was narrowed down to 16q11-q22. This study confirms the presence of previously known chromosomal aberrations in HCC and highlights a new significant correlation between losses on chromosome 16q and hepatitis B virus carriers.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / genetics*
  • Chromosome Aberrations / genetics*
  • DNA, Neoplasm / analysis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Liver Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization / genetics*
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization / methods
  • Taiwan


  • DNA, Neoplasm