Safety evaluation of ferrous bisglycinate chelate

Food Chem Toxicol. 1999 Jul;37(7):723-31. doi: 10.1016/s0278-6915(99)00052-6.


Ferrous bisglycinate chelate (Ferrochel) is a highly stable chelate that can be added to most foods. Data from human and animal studies indicate that the ferrous iron is readily bioavailable with fewer side-effects than the more commonly used iron salts. The acute oral LD50 for male and female Sprague-Dawley (S-D) rats is 2800 mg/kg body weight (560 mg/kg body weight iron [confidence limit (CL) 399-786] as the active ingredient). Male and female CD (Sprague Dawley-derived) rats were fed ferrous bisglycinate as a dietary admixture at doses of 0, 100, 250 and 500 mg/kg body weight/day. There were no biologically or statistically significant dose-related differences between the control and treated animals with respect to body weight gain, food consumption, food efficiency, behavioural effects, clinical chemistries, haematology, absolute and relative organ weights, or gross and microscopic findings. Hepatic non-heme iron concentrations were elevated, indicating that the ferrous iron had been absorbed. The no-observed-adverse-effect level (NOAEL) was 500 mg/kg body weight/day, the highest dose tested.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Body Weight / drug effects
  • Diet
  • Female
  • Ferrous Compounds / toxicity*
  • Glycine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Glycine / toxicity
  • Iron / chemistry
  • Iron Chelating Agents / toxicity*
  • Lethal Dose 50
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Sex Characteristics
  • Spectrophotometry, Atomic
  • Time Factors


  • Ferrous Compounds
  • Iron Chelating Agents
  • bis-glycino iron II
  • Iron
  • Glycine