Prevalence of depression in congestive heart failure

Am J Cardiol. 1999 Aug 1;84(3):348-50, A9. doi: 10.1016/s0002-9149(99)00293-3.


Patients with congestive heart failure had higher scores than control subjects using a case-finding instrument for depression; such patients also were more likely to exceed the diagnostic threshold for depression with this instrument. Identification and treatment of depressed CHF patients may significantly improve level of functioning in these patients.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Confounding Factors, Epidemiologic
  • Depression / complications*
  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Heart Failure / complications*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Sample Size
  • Selection Bias
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Walking