Nutritional status of Helicobacter pylori-infected children in Guatemala as compared with uninfected peers

Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1999 Sep;61(3):395-8. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.1999.61.395.


The effect of Helicobacter pylori infection on the nutritional status of children in a developing country was studied using a cross-sectional design. Children attending an all-girl public school in inner Guatemala City, Guatemala were evaluated to acquire sociodemographic information and anthropometric nutritional parameters (weight-for-height [WFH] and height-for-age [HFA]), and detect H. pylori-specific serum IgG antibodies. Of 211 children 5-10 years of age, 107 (51%) were infected. The WFH values were not different between infected and uninfected subjects, and were not affected by the sociodemographic variables. The HFA values decreased significantly with age (P = 0.008), lower income (P = 0.04), and H. pylori infection (P = 0.05). When controlled for age and income level, the effect of infection on HFA became nonsignificant (P = 0.30). Helicobacter pylori appeared to have no effect on the nutritional status of the studied children; the differences detected were small and likely due to sociodemographic factors.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Antibodies, Bacterial / blood
  • Body Height
  • Body Weight
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Guatemala
  • Helicobacter Infections* / epidemiology
  • Helicobacter Infections* / microbiology
  • Helicobacter Infections* / physiopathology
  • Helicobacter pylori* / immunology
  • Humans
  • Nutritional Status*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


  • Antibodies, Bacterial