Suppression of ING1 expression in sporadic breast cancer

Oncogene. 1999 Sep 16;18(37):5187-93. doi: 10.1038/sj.onc.1202905.


Down regulation of the ING1 candidate tumour suppressor promotes growth in soft agar and focus formation in vitro and tumour formation in vivo. ING1 encodes a nuclear, cell cycle-regulated protein, overexpression of which efficiently blocks cell growth and is capable of inducing apoptosis in different experimental systems. Here we present the first report of ING1 mutation and expression analysis in a total of 452 cancer samples. One germline missense alteration and three germline silent alterations were detected in 377 primary breast cancers while marked (2 - 10-fold) decreases in ING1 mRNA expression were seen in 44% of primary breast cancers and in ten of ten breast cancer cell lines examined. Furthermore, the majority of breast cancers (58%) showing decreased ING1 expression had metastasized to regional lymph nodes whereas only 9% of cancers with elevated ING1 expression, compared to adjacent normal tissues, were metastatic. Thus, ING1 mutation is very rare in breast or ovarian cancers, however, repression of ING1 expression frequently accompanies tumour development of breast cancer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amino Acid Substitution
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Breast Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology
  • Canada
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Codon / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Disease Progression
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic*
  • Genes, Tumor Suppressor*
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Inhibitor of Growth Protein 1
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Japan
  • Lymphatic Metastasis / genetics
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • Point Mutation
  • Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational
  • Protein Biosynthesis*
  • Proteins / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis
  • RNA, Neoplasm / biosynthesis
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins


  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Codon
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • ING1 protein, human
  • Inhibitor of Growth Protein 1
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Neoplasm
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins