Decreased expression of transforming growth factor beta receptor type I is associated with poor prognosis in bladder transitional cell carcinoma patients

Clin Cancer Res. 1999 Sep;5(9):2520-5.

Abstract

Transforming growth factor (TGF) beta, a potent growth inhibitor of proliferation in most cells, usually exerts its effects through an interaction with membrane receptors, type I (TbetaR-I) and type II (TbetaR-II). In the present study, the expression of TGF-beta receptors was correlated with tumor grade, pathological stage, and probability of progression and survival in patients with bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC). To this end, immunohistochemistry was carried out in specimens obtained from 59 patients who underwent either radical cystectomy or transurethral resection of bladder tumor. Among these patients, 18 (30.5 %) had loss of TbetaR-I expression, whereas 27 (44.0%) had loss of TbetaR-II expression. There was a correlation between the loss of expression of TbetaR-I and TbetaR-II and the tumor grade (P = 0.041 and P = 0.026, respectively). In addition, both pathological and lymph node status also were associated with the loss of TbetaR-I and TbetaR-II expression (P = 0.025 and P = 0.004, respectively). Interestingly though, only the loss of expression of TbetaR-I was associated with an increased probability of tumor progression and a decreased probability of survival (P = 0.0046 and P = 0.0022, respectively). These results suggest that the status of TbetaR-I expression may be a potential prognostic marker in patients with bladder TCC.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activin Receptors, Type I*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / metabolism*
  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology
  • Disease Progression
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Prognosis
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / biosynthesis*
  • Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type I
  • Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type II
  • Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta / biosynthesis*
  • Risk Factors
  • Survival Analysis
  • Urinary Bladder / metabolism
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / pathology

Substances

  • Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Activin Receptors, Type I
  • Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type I
  • Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type II