A population-based study on tetanus antitoxin levels in The Netherlands

Vaccine. 1999 Aug 20;18(1-2):100-8. doi: 10.1016/s0264-410x(99)00186-3.


We assessed the tetanus immunity of the general Dutch population and of religious groups refusing vaccination by means of population-based study to evaluate the effect of tetanus vaccination. More than 95% of those born after the introduction of routine vaccination had tetanus antitoxin levels above the minimum protective level. After the sixth vaccination, a fall in tetanus antitoxin levels occurred. Nevertheless, immunisation in accordance with the routine programme most likely induces protection for much longer than two decades. Not only many members of religious groups who refuse vaccination, but also many adults born before the introduction of vaccination lack tetanus immunity. These cohorts might benefit most from (re)vaccination.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands
  • Sex Factors
  • Tetanus Antitoxin / blood*
  • Tetanus Toxoid / immunology
  • Vaccination


  • Tetanus Antitoxin
  • Tetanus Toxoid