Described herein is the discovery of a novel series of antitumor sulfonamides targeting G1 phase of the cell cycle. Cell cycle control in G1 phase has attracted considerable attention in recent cancer research, because many of the important proteins involved in G1 progression or G1/S transition have been found to play a crucial role in proliferation, differentiation, transformation, and programmed cell death (apoptosis). We previously reported our first antitumor sulfonamide E7010 as a novel tubulin polymerization inhibitor. Interestingly enough, continuous research on structurally related compounds led us to the finding of another class of antitumor sulfonamides that block cell cycle progression of P388 murine leukemia cells in G1 phase, but not in M phase. Of the compounds examined, N-(3-chloro-7-indolyl)-1,4-benzenedisulfonamide (E7070) showed significant antitumor activity against HCT116 human colon carcinoma both in vitro (IC(50) 0.11 microg/mL in cell proliferation assay) and in vivo (not only growth suppression but also a marked reduction of tumor size in nude mice). Because of its promising efficacy against human tumor xenografts and its unique mode of action, E7070 is currently undergoing phase I clinical trials in European countries.