Recombinant protein expression in Escherichia coli

Curr Opin Biotechnol. 1999 Oct;10(5):411-21. doi: 10.1016/s0958-1669(99)00003-8.


Escherichia coli is one of the most widely used hosts for the production of heterologous proteins and its genetics are far better characterized than those of any other microorganism. Recent progress in the fundamental understanding of transcription, translation, and protein folding in E. coli, together with serendipitous discoveries and the availability of improved genetic tools are making this bacterium more valuable than ever for the expression of complex eukaryotic proteins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cytoplasm / genetics
  • Cytoplasm / metabolism
  • Escherichia coli / genetics*
  • Gene Dosage
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
  • Plasmids / genetics
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Protein Biosynthesis
  • Protein Engineering / methods
  • Protein Folding
  • Recombinant Proteins / genetics*
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism*
  • Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid


  • Recombinant Proteins