Effects of 5-HT2 receptor blockade on the amplitude of startle reflex, induced by an unexpected sound, and on its prepulse inhibition (PPI) were studied on mice of CBA strain and rats of Wistar and the genetically predisposed to catalepsy (GC) strains. The effect was dependent on type and dose of 5-HT2 antagonist used: 5-HT2A antagonist ketanserin increased startle amplitude at the dose of 0.5 mg/kg and decreased it at the dose of 2 mg/kg. Mixed 5-HT2A/2C antagonist ritanserin (0.1 and 0.2 mg/kg) markedly increased startle in mice. Ketanserin and cyproheptadine produced opposite effects on startle reflex in rats with inherited neuropathology and in rats with normal genotype: marked decrease in GC rats and increase in Wistar rats was shown. Ketanserin and cyproheptadine produced a pronounced potentiation of PPI in mice and rats of both strains, ritanserin was ineffective. Results suggest 5-HT2 receptors implication in both startle and PPI regulation with 5-HT2C receptors in startle response and 5-HT2A in PPI predominant involvement.