Sports and risk for severe osteoarthrosis of the knee

Scand J Med Sci Sports. 1999 Oct;9(5):279-84. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.1999.tb00246.x.


The relationship between sports activities and knee osteoarthrosis (OA) in the general population was investigated. Men (n=325) and women (n-=300) who underwent prosthetic surgery due to primary tibio-femoral OA were compared with referents (264 men and 284 women) regarding life-long sports exposure. The relative risk of severe knee OA among men aged between 55 and 65 years who were highly exposed to all kinds of sports was 2.9 (95% CI 1.3-6.5). For sports such as cross-country skiing, soccer and ice hockey/bandy, the relative risk was higher for those men who had been exposed. The women had only been active in sports to a limited extent, and no increased relative risk was found. Moderate daily general physical activity was not found to be a risk factor.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee / epidemiology*
  • Osteoarthritis, Knee / surgery
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sports*
  • Sweden / epidemiology