Two newly established congenic diabetes-prone BB rat strains designated BB.Sa and BB.Xs carrying a region of chromosome 1 (Sa-Lsn-Secr-Igf2-Tnt, 16 cM) and a region of chromosome X (DXMgh3-Mycs/Pfkb1-Ar, 36 cM) of the SHR rats, respectively, were studied to determine whether the transferred chromosomal regions influence diabetes frequency, age at onset, and clinical picture. Therefore, 4 complete litters of BB/OK (n = 43), BB.Sa (n = 45), and BB.Xs (n = 41) were observed for diabetes occurrence up to the age of 30 weeks. From these litters 6 diabetic males of each strain manifesting in an interval of 1 week were chosen to study body weight, blood glucose, insulin requirement to survive, and several diabetes-related serum constituents at onset of diabetes and after a diabetes duration of 150 days. The diabetes frequency was significantly lower in BB.Xs than in rats of the parental strain BB/OK, whereas comparable frequencies were found between BB/OK and BB.Sa rats. Obvious differences were observed 150 days after diabetes onset between BB/OK and both BB.Sa and BB.Xs rats. BB/OK rats were significantly heavier and needed significantly more insulin/100 g body weight than BB.Sa and BB.Xs rats. Comparisons of the serum constituents as lipids, proteins, and minerals revealed significant differences between diabetic BB/OK rats and their diabetic congenic derivatives in several traits studied at onset and after 150 days of insulin treatment. These results not only show the power of congenic lines in diabetes research, but indicate for the first time that there are genetic factors on chromosomes 1 and X influencing frequency and severity of diabetes in the BB/OK rat.
Copyright 1999 Academic Press.