A serologic survey of mule deer and elk in Utah

J Wildl Dis. 1978 Oct;14(4):471-8. doi: 10.7589/0090-3558-14.4.471.


Sera from mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) and elk (Cervus canadensis) in central and northern Utah were tested for the prevalence of antibodies to 11 diseases communicable to man or domestic livestock. Antibodies to Francisella tularensis (at 1:20) were found in 47 of 88 (53.4%) elk and 1 of 89 (1.1%) deer. A screening slide agglutination test for titers to Brucella (at 1:20) showed two reactors in elk but none in deer sera. No positive antibody titers were obtained in tests for anaplasmosis, Colorado tick fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Q-fever, psittacosis, Powassan, western equine encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis and California encephalitis.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Bacterial / analysis
  • Brucella abortus / immunology
  • Deer / immunology*
  • Female
  • Francisella tularensis / immunology
  • Male
  • Utah


  • Antibodies, Bacterial