Objective: To evaluate whether the objectives of surgical treatment, i.e., prevention of aneurysmal rebleeding, relief of aneurysmal mass effect, and prevention of embolic complications, are met by endosaccular coiling treatment applied to giant and very large wide-necked aneurysms.
Methods: Thirty patients with 31 giant or very large aneurysms were considered to show unacceptable risk/benefit ratios for open surgery and were treated using the Guglielmi detachable coil (GDC) method between 1992 and 1998.
Results: With endosaccular GDC treatment, 73.3% of the population experienced excellent to good recoveries (Glasgow Outcome Scale scores of 4 or 5), with a 13.3% procedure-related morbidity rate and a 6.7% procedure-related mortality rate. Two hemorrhaging episodes occurred after GDC treatment (annual bleeding rate, 2.5%; 2 hemorrhaging episodes/79.2 patient-yr). Symptoms related to aneurysmal mass effect were improved for 45.5% of the patients presenting with signs of neural compression. Among 23 patients with 24 aneurysms who were available for angiographic follow-up assessment, complete or nearly complete occlusion was observed for 17 aneurysms (71%; angiographic follow-up period, 24.3 +/- 19.6 mo, mean +/- standard deviation). A single total embolization served as definitive treatment for only 12.5% of the giant aneurysms and 31% of the very large aneurysms.
Conclusion: Endosaccular GDC treatment of giant and very large aneurysms was accomplished with procedure-related morbidity and mortality rates comparable to those for open surgery performed by experts. However, because coil stability was unsatisfactory, we suggest that the GDC method should currently be reserved for individuals who are considered poor candidates for open surgery.