A thrombopoietin receptor mutant deficient in Jak-STAT activation mediates proliferation but not differentiation in UT-7 cells

Blood. 1999 Oct 15;94(8):2676-85.


Thrombopoietin (TPO) stimulates proliferation and differentiation of cells of the megakaryocytic lineage. It exerts its function by binding and activating c-mpl, a member of the hematopoietic receptor superfamily. Upon binding of TPO to its receptor, numerous signaling events are triggered. These include activation of the Jak-STAT (signal transducers and activators of transcription) pathway, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), Tec, and phospatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase and phosphorylation of Shc and Vav. The contribution of different signaling pathways to the induction of specific cellular processes such as proliferation and differentiation is incompletely understood. We have previously described a mutant of c-mpl that fails to activate the Jak-STAT pathway but nevertheless retains its ability to mediate proliferation and activation of most signaling events in the murine hematopoietic precursor cell lines BAF/3 and 32D. We confirm here the ability of this mutant to mediate proliferation in the absence of Jak-STAT activation in the human cell line UT-7 and further show that this mutant fails to mediate TPO-induced megakaryocytic differentiation. Comparison of the signaling capacity of this mutant in UT-7 and BAF/3 cells shows considerable cell-type-specific differences. Whereas in BAF/3 cells the mutant still mediates activation of Shc, MAPK, Vav, and PI 3-kinase at levels comparable to the wild-type receptor, these events are strongly diminished in UT-7 cells expressing the mutant. Furthermore, we show that the C-terminal 25 amino acid residues of the receptor mutant are crucial for the mitogenic response in UT-7 cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing*
  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport*
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins*
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Division
  • Cell Line
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Enzyme Activation / genetics
  • Hematopoietic Cell Growth Factors / pharmacology
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • MAP Kinase Signaling System / genetics*
  • Neoplasm Proteins*
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism
  • Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex / biosynthesis
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / deficiency
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / physiology
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-vav
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Cytokine*
  • Receptors, Thrombopoietin
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor
  • Shc Signaling Adaptor Proteins
  • Src Homology 2 Domain-Containing, Transforming Protein 1
  • Thrombopoietin / pharmacology
  • Trans-Activators / metabolism*


  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Adaptor Proteins, Vesicular Transport
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Hematopoietic Cell Growth Factors
  • Janus protein, Bacteria
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex
  • Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-vav
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • Receptors, Cytokine
  • Receptors, Thrombopoietin
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • SHC1 protein, human
  • STAT1 Transcription Factor
  • STAT1 protein, human
  • Shc Signaling Adaptor Proteins
  • Src Homology 2 Domain-Containing, Transforming Protein 1
  • Trans-Activators
  • VAV1 protein, human
  • MPL protein, human
  • Thrombopoietin
  • Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases