Prognostic value of MIB-1 score, p53, EGFr, mitotic index and papillary status in primary superficial (Stage pTa/T1) bladder cancer: a prospective comparative study. The Finnbladder Group

Eur Urol. 1999 Nov;36(5):393-400. doi: 10.1159/000020039.


Objective: A prospective randomized study was undertaken to determine whether cell proliferation indices (M/V index, MIB1), papillary status, the expression of p53 and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFr) have prognostic value in superficial (pTa-pT1) bladder cancer (SBC).

Methods: 207 patients with primary SBC were followed up over a period of 4.9 (range 3.7-6.0) years. M/V index and papillary status were assessed by light microscopy, and expression of MIB1, p53 and EGFr was assessed by immunohistochemistry. The results of histopathological analyses were related to the survival data of the patients.

Results: Using univariate analysis, stage (p < 0.001), grade (p < 0.001), papillary status (p < 0.001), MIB1 (p < 0.001), M/V index (p < 0.001), EGFr (p < 0.001) and p53 (p = 0.002) were significant predictors of progression. Using multivariate analysis, MIB-1 score and papillary status were independent predictors of progressive disease and cancer-specific survival. Tumor grade was the only independent predictor of recurrence.

Conclusion: Evaluation of tumor cell proliferation rate by M/V index or by MIB1 immunohistochemistry and assessment of papillary status by light microscopy are useful prognostic tools in tailoring treatment and follow-up schedule of patients with SBC.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis*
  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / mortality
  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology*
  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / therapy
  • ErbB Receptors / analysis*
  • Female
  • Genes, p53*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitotic Index*
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Nuclear Proteins / analysis*
  • Prognosis
  • Prospective Studies
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Survival Analysis
  • Survival Rate
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / mortality
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / therapy


  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • ErbB Receptors