Chromosome 1p duplications are rare. There have been only 11 reported cases of isolated 1p duplication, all of which were proximal, interstitial duplications. We present a patient with a terminal duplication of 1p (1p36.3). To our knowledge, this is the first such reported case. Our patient presented with metopic synostosis, rectal stenosis, atrial septal defect, and mildly delayed gross motor development. Molecular characterization using microsatellite marker analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) revealed an area of duplication between p58 and D1S2893, approximately 13 cM in size. We compare our patient's clinical findings with the clinical phenotype found in patients with the corresponding deletion of 1p36.3 and discuss the role of gene dosage in other deletion/duplication syndromes.