Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is an infrequent cause of neonatal septicaemia in many developing countries. In a perinatal centre in India with 60,119 live births between 1988 and 1997, GBS was isolated from blood cultures of 10 babies. Thus the incidence of GBS bacteraemia was 0.17 per 1000 live births. Lethargy, respiratory distress and poor perfusion were the presenting features in eight symptomatic babies. Two babies had meningitis, three required ventilatory support and one died. There were no cases of late onset disease. The low incidence could be due to the low rate of colonisation and high prevalence of protective antibody in the mothers.